The first method of incorporating a source into a text in MLA format is the parenthetical method. After the information has been cited, you immediately place the author’s last name and the page number in parentheses at the end of the information.
The second method is called the attributive tag method. In the beginning of the information being cited you place the author’s name in an attributive tag, for example, according to Starke. At the end you place the page number in parentheses.
A summary is a brief restatement of the main points.
A paraphrase restates the information in detail in your own words for better understanding.
A quotation is a section taken directly from a speech or text that is word for word and used by someone other than the author or speaker.
One might choose to paraphrase a piece of information so that it will fit in nicely with their own work. Summarizing is used when you have a lot of information that you do not need, so instead you just state what the main points of the information was. Paraphrasing and summarizing gives you the opportunity to better understand the information. Quotations are used when you want to incorporate a piece of information that is already written in a way that is memorable and makes an impact to the reader.
Plagiarism is using someone else’s words in your paper and not giving credit to the person who originally said it.
Example of plagiarism –
Plagiarism is the unethical use of sources.
According to John Ramage, Plagiarism is the “unethical use of sources.”
Conventions of MLA formatting:
- Works cited page needs to be in alphabetical order
- You need to cite the information in the text as well as in your works cited
- Parenthetical method of in text citation puts the author’s name in parentheses at the end of the source.
- Attributive tag method of in text citation uses the authors name in the beginning of the source and puts the page number in parentheses at the end of the source.
- Quotations, paraphrases, summaries, etc. need to be cited.